Mock Test: Reading Multiple-choice, Choose Single Answer – 09

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Created on By PTE Sprinters

Reading Multiple-choice, Choose Single Answer - 09

1 / 5

Future Shock is a book written by the futurist Alvin Toffler in 1970, In the book~ Toffler defines the term "future shock" as a certain psychological state of individuals and entire societies, His shortest definition for the term is a personal perception of "too much change in too short a period of time“ The book became an international bestseller selling over 6 million copies and has been widely translated Toffler argued that society is undergoing an enormous structural change a revolution from an industrial society to a "super-industrial society" This change overwhelms people, he believed, the accelerated rate of technological and social change leaving people disconnected and suffering from shattering stress and disorientation - future shocked. To further stated that the majority of social problems are symptoms of future shock In his discussion of the components of such shock he popularized the term "information overload".

 

What would be the most suitable title for the passage?

2 / 5

Thomas Edison was an American inventor and businessman, He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world~ including the phonograph~ the motion picture camera, and a long-.lasting. practical electric light bulb. He was one of the first Inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of the invention  and because of that he is often credited with the creation of the first Industrial research laboratory. Edison is the fourth most prolific inventor in history  holding 1~093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom  France, and Germany. He is credited with numerous inventions that contributed to mass communication and, in particular, telecommunications.

 

Choose the best heading for the paragraph from the list below.

3 / 5

A new 'super Earth' has been discovered that could have a life-supporting climate and water. The planet, given the catchy name HD 403079, was discovered in a multi-world solar system 42 light years from the Sun and lies at exactly the right distance from its star to allow liquid surface water, It orbits well within the stars "habitable" or "Goldilocks" zone - the region where temperatures are neither too hot nor too cold to sustain life. Professor Hugh Jones, from the University of Hertfordshire said:, -The longer orbit of the new planet means that its climate and atmosphere may be just right to support life. Just as Goldilocks liked her porridge to be neither too hot nor too cold but just right, this planet or indeed any moons that is has lie in an orbit comparable to Earth, increasing the probability of It being habitable. The super earth is one of six planets believed to circle the dwarf star HD 40307 in the constellation Picture. All the others are located outside the habitable zone, too close to their parent star to support liquid water.

 

Why is it thought that the planet may be able to support life?

4 / 5

Carbon dioxide construes only a small part of the atmosphere, But it has an important function in maintaining the balance between radiation from the sun entering the atmosphere and radiation leaving the Earth Some of the radiation is absorbed by the Earth and some is radiated back into the atmosphere Since carbon dioxide in the atmosphere prevents some of the radiation from leaving the atmosphere. the heat remains in the atmosphere_ Yet, if the proportion of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increased as a result of air pollution, the temperature of the atmosphere may rise with catastrophic consequences.

 

Which of the following most accurately summarizes the opinion of the author in the text?

5 / 5

The literature on drug addiction has grown at a rate that defies anyone to keep abreast of the literature and apparently in inverse proportion to our understanding of the subject Addiction. Or dependence, as it is more fashionable to call it, excites controversy and speculation yet true understanding of the phenomenon remains elusive in fact the area is fraught with speculation and acrimonious debate, Definition of terms such as drug , addiction, and abuse Is obviously Jess controversial than attempts to explain the nature of drug dependent yet even the terminology is imprecise and overlain with subjective connotations, At its most basic, a drug, as defined by the World Heath Organization, is simply any substance which when taken into the living organism may modify one or more of its functions, This kind of definition is too wide to be of any use in discussion of dependence: it covers everything from insulin to aspirin, penicillin to alcohol.

 

The author implies that he thinks the term dependence in the context of drugs...

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